RE: calculating flashpoint of 5% (v/v water) isopropyl alcohol
19 May 03 14:12
Go to one of the many activity coefficient calculators available on the web or use the Henry's constant for
IPA in water. Use this to calculate the concentration of IPA in the vapor above the liquid at various temperatures & compare to the LEL of IPA. The temperature at which the IPA vapor concentration equals the LEL is approximately the flash point. Red Flag This Post Please let us know here why this post is inappropriate. Reasons such as off-topic, duplicates, flames, illegal, vulgar, or students posting their homework.
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There are some who interpret certain passages in the Bible as not referring to alcohol, arguing that all positive references to "wine" in Scripture refer to non-alcoholic beverages and all negative references speak of alcoholic beverages. Advocates of this view, called the "two-wine" position, argue that the Greek and Hebrew words rendered "wine" in most English versions are generic terms for fruit juices; context determines if the beverage in view is alcoholic or not. The fact is pointed out that even in earlier stages of the English language, such as in 1611 when the King James Version was translated, "wine" could refer to non-alcoholic beverages as well as alcoholic ones.  The two-wine view is dominant in conservative Christian fundamentalism and is also found in evangelicalism. For example, Dr. Robert Teachout, a fundamental Baptist seminary professor, argued for this position in his doctoral dissertation The Use of "Wine" in the Old Testament.  Separatist Baptist support for a Biblical total abstinence position is widespread.  Other sources for this view include the Purified Translation of the Bible , where extensive footnotes are used to promote the idea, and the 19th century Temperance Bible Commentary .